Translated Titles

Theme categorization and indicator establishment for the study of sociology of sport




陳昱文(Yu-Wen Chen);湯添進(Tien-Chin Tan);黃郁婷(Yu-Ting Huang);李炳昭(Ping-Chao Lee)

Key Words

學術發展 ; 修正式德菲法 ; 研究方法 ; 指標 ; academic development ; modified Delphi method ; research method ; indicators



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

49卷3期(2016 / 09 / 01)

Page #

353 - 369

Content Language


Chinese Abstract

緒論:過去對研究現況與趨勢的討論,多聚焦於各研究議題的文章數量統計,卻忽略最初「研究議題」的產生方式,可能形成流於主觀判斷的困境。本研究以運動社會學研究為範疇,進行議題分類與指標建構,做為瞭解臺灣運動社會學研究現況與趨勢之依據。方法:本研究採內容分析法、焦點團體法與修正式德菲法,並使用NVivo 質性分析工具協助資料彙整,分2 階段完成。第一階段主要使用內容分析法與焦點團體法,參考Dart (2014) 與Coakley (2009) 的分類後,再加入黃東治等 (2012) 與Malcolm (2012) 等20 本中外學者編著的專書,建構各議題下的指標。第二階段使用修正式德菲法,以第一階段完成的檢核表,徵詢11 位臺灣運動社會學的學者,共進行三個回合,最後形成「運動社會學研究議題與指標一覽表」。結果:一、第一階段產生14 項議題共108 條指標。二、經第二階段的增刪,最後綜整出政治與政策、經濟…等15 項議題及116 條指標。結論:本研究採用人文取向的「理念型」研究方法,意味著這些議題與指標的建構,可能仍無法免除某種程度的主觀色彩。因此,本研究盡力在充滿主、客觀二元對立的學術趨勢研究中,嘗試建構一把相對客觀的「尺」。研究過程中所遭遇的難題,研究團隊試著以相對客觀且目前較為可行的方法來解套。主要策略有三:一、採用輔助書目與學者增修,做為指標建構的依據。二、使用焦點團體法與修正式德菲法降低議題產生方式過於主觀的疑慮。三、運用團隊的小組討論,再加入當代研究文獻來處理意見相左的問題。希冀能為後續研究者提供另一條學術現況與趨勢研究的取徑。

English Abstract

Introduction: For the past years, discussion about the current situation and future trend of the academia was often based on the statistics of papers of different issues and themes. Nevertheless, what was often ignored was the fact that the process of researchers' defining those themes could be subjective. This research aimed at establishing a category of themes in the field of sociology of sport, along with the indicators under each category, with which we could possibly have a better understanding of the development and future trend of sociology of sport academia in Taiwan. Methods: With NVivo being the tool for data analysis, categorization and coding, the process of this research was divided into two phases. For the first phase, content analysis was conducted, with which the category of themes was identified according to Dart (2014) and Coakley (2009), and the indicators under those themes were identified by referring to Hwang et al. (2012), Malcolm (2012) and other 18 books in either Chinese or English. For the second phase, modified Delphi method was conducted as the approach to the modification of the final version of "the category and indicators of the academic themes in the field of sociology of sport". Within the second phase, three rounds of consulting with a total of 11 Taiwanese sport sociologists were carried out. Results: First, 14 themes and 108 indicators were identified in the first phase. Second, psychology and health were deleted from the category of themes in the second phase, with the themes of social class, socialization and religion added. Third, 116 indicators were identified, and 15 theme categories, including politics and policy, economy, race and ethnicity, gender, media, education, social class, socialization, religion, culture, theory and methodology, deviance and violence, ethics and philosophy, history and others were defined as the main themes discussed in sociology of sport. Conclusion: This research appealed to the humanistic approach and establishes an ideal type of category. Nevertheless, this doesn't mean that our categorization is perfect and extremely objective. Subjectivity still exists when themes and indicators are identified. In fact, this research tried to build a relatively objective standard for investigating the current situation of the academia of sociology of sport. Encountering several difficulties during the process, our research team tried to approach our goal through relatively objective and currently feasible ways. Three strategies were taken in our research, as follows: first, indicators were identified based on a variety of relevant books, along with discussions and consults with professionals. Second, modified Delphi method and focus groups were conducted as to reduce controversy over the subjectivity of the categorizing process. Third, reviewing current researches and discussing with colleagues helped us to deal with the divergence in views between the professionals we consulted with. All in all, this research hopes to provide another access to understanding the current situation and future trend of the academia.

Topic Category 社會科學 > 體育學
  1. 卓俊伶(2011)。體育與運動科學研究現況的批判與省思。體育學報,44(3),315-332。
  2. 施致平、張琪、倪瑛蓮(2012)。運動管理學:臺灣之研究現況與趨勢分析。體育學報,45(3),167-178。
  3. 徐振德、林聯喜、戴玉林、蔡清華(2014)。本土體育運動學術的發展趨勢分析:以1979-2013《體育學報》為例。體育學報,47(3),325-337。
  4. 張育愷、洪聰敏(2014)。臺灣運動與體育領域學術期刊論文發表之現況分析。體育學報,47(1),1-9。
  5. 張思嘉(2006)。家庭與婚姻:臺灣心理學研究的現況與趨勢。本土心理學研究,26,3-34。
  6. 梁定澎、陳燈能(2005)。資訊管理研究主題的趨勢分析。資訊管理學報,12(2),1-24。
  7. 許秀桃(2012)。臺灣身體文化研究趨勢與學術生產力分析。身體文化學報,15,75-93。
  8. 許耿銘(2008)。全球治理對國家公共政策影響指標之建構。公共行政學報,29,1-28。
  9. 陳閔祺、蘇維杉(2011)。運動管理學研究議題與發展趨勢分析。運動休閒管理學報,8(1),111-126。
  10. 黃懿慧(2001)。90 年代臺灣公共關係研究之探討-版圖發展、變化與趨勢。新聞學研究,67,51-86。
  11. 虞邦祥、林月雲、張小鳳(2009)。傳承或變革:臺灣企業接班歷程之質性研究。組織與管理,2(2),109-153。
  12. 歐聖榮、李美芬、李彥希、林建堯(2006)。Research trend analyses in the Journal of Leisure Research from 1999 to 2003。戶外遊憩研究,19(1),26-50。
  13. 謝建成、吳怡青(2010)。改進修正型德菲式卡片分類法探討大學圖書館網站尋獲度之研究。教育資料與圖書館學,47(3),245-281。
  14. 科技部人文及社會科學研究發展司 (2015)。各學門的熱門與前瞻議題。取自http://web1.most.gov.tw/division/detail?subSite=hum&article_uid=b357e686-372f-405b-9dfc-09dfe5fa9419&menu_id=6203d664-52ba-4dc1-8a93-e23b913b875a&l=CH[Department of Humanities and Social Sciences,Ministry of Science and Technology. (2015).Ge xue men de re men yu qian zhan yi ti.Retrieved from http://web1.most.gov.tw/division/detail?subSite=hum&article_uid=b357e686-372f-405b-9dfc-09dfe5fa9419&menu_id=6203d664-52ba-4dc1-8a93-e23b913b875a&l=CH]
  15. Aronson, E.,Wilson, T.,Akert, R.(2010).Social psychology.New Jersey:Pearsons.
  16. Barbalet, J.(2008).Weber, passion and profits: The protestant ethic and the spirit of Capitalism in context.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press.
  17. Berg, B. L.,Lune, H.(2012).Qualitative research methods for the social sciences.New Jersey:Pearsons.
  18. Coakley, J.(2009).Sports in society: issues and controversies.New York:McGraw-Hill.
  19. Coakley, J.,Dunning, E.(2000).Handbook of sport studies.London:Sage.
  20. Craig, P.,Beedie, P.(2008).Sport sociology.Exeter:Learning Matters.
  21. Dart, J.(2014).Sports review: A content analysis of the "International Review for the Sociology of Sport", the "Journal of Sport and Social Issues" and the "Sociology of Sport Journal" across 25 years.International Review for the Sociology of Sport,49(6),645-668.
  22. Denzin, N. K.,Lincoln, Y. S.(2005).The Sage handbook of qualitative research.London:Sage.
  23. Dunn, W. N.(2008).Public policy analysis: An introductory.New Jersey:Pearsons.
  24. Flick, U.(2014).An introduction to qualitative research.London:Sage.
  25. Giulianotti, R(2011).Sociology of sport.London:Sage.
  26. Hartmann-Tews, I.(2015).Assessing the sociology of sport: On ageing, somatic culture and gender.International Review for the Sociology of Sport,50(4-5),454-459.
  27. Heinemann, K.,Preuss, W.(1990).25 years of the "International Review for the Sociology of Sport" A content analysis.International Review for the Sociology of Sport,25(3),2-16.
  28. Houlihan, B.(2007).Sport and society: A student introduction.London:Sage.
  29. Houlihan, B.(Ed.)(2003).Sport and society: A student introduction.London:Sage.
  30. Houlihan, B.(Ed.)(2007).Sport and society: A student introduction.London:Sage.
  31. Leonard, W. M.(1998).A sociological perspective of sport.Boston:Allyn & Bacon.
  32. Maguire, J.,Jarvie, G., Mansfield, L.,Bradley, J.(2002).Sport worlds: A sociological perspective.Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.
  33. Malcolm, D.(2012).Sport and sociology.New York:Routledge.
  34. Mitchell, A. W.,McConnell III, J. R.(2012).A historical review of "Contemporary Educational Psychology" from 1995 to 2010.Contemporary Educational Psychology,37(2),136-147.
  35. Moreau, N.,Chanteau, O.,Benoît, M.,Dumas, P.,Laurin-lamothe, A.,Parlavecchio, L.,Lester, C.(2014).Sports activities in a psychosocial perspective: Preliminary analysis of adolescent participation in sports challenges.International Review for the Sociology of Sport,49(1),85-101.
  36. Murry, J. W. Jr.,Hammons, J. O.(1995).Delphi: A versatile methodology for conducting qualitative research.The Review of Higher Education,18(4),423-436.
  37. Negandhi, A. R.(1983).Cross-cultural management research: Trend and future directions.Journal of International Business Studies,14(2),17-28.
  38. Nixon, H. L.,Frey, J. H.(1996).A sociology of sport.Belmont:Wadsworth.
  39. Rhoten, D.(2004).Interdisciplinary research: Trend or transition.Items and Issues,5(1-2),6-11.
  40. Rulofs, B.(2015).Assessing the sociology of sport: On gender based violence and child maltreatment in sport.International Review for the Sociology of Sport,50(4-5),580-584.
  41. Sabo, D.(1988).Psychosocial impacts of athletic participation on American women: Facts and fables.Journal of Sport & Social Issues,12(2),83-96.
  42. Sisjord, M. K.(2015).Assessing the sociology of sport: On lifestyle sport and gender.International Review for the Sociology of Sport,50(4-5),596-600.
  43. Smith, E.(2010).Sociology of sport and social theory.Champaign, IL:Human Kinetics.
  44. Walker, A.,Selfe, J.(1996).The delphi method: A useful tool for the allied health researcher.International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation,3(12),677-681.
  45. Wiersma, W.,Jurs, S. G.(2009).Research methods in education: An introduction.New Jersey:Pearsons.
  46. 王宗吉(1992)。體育運動社會學。新北市=New Taipei City:銀禾=Yin He。
  47. 成之約、林國榮(2009)。內政部外籍配偶照顧輔導基金補助研究報告內政部外籍配偶照顧輔導基金補助研究報告,臺北市=Taipei:內政部=Ministry of Interior, Executive Yuan。
  48. 呂宛蓁、蕭玉琴(2004)。臺灣地區體育運動期刊中運動管理學文章內容分析。大專體育學術專刊,430-430。
  49. 李政賢譯、廖志桓譯、林靜如譯、Flick, U.(2007)。質性研究導論。臺北市=Taipei:五南=Wu Nan。
  50. 周靈山(2001)。我國近五年體育類期刊發表之趨勢探討─以大專體育雙月刊 (26-55 期)為例。大專體育學術專刊,257-269。
  51. 林文蘭(2009)。不「運動」的社會學?評三本運動社會學教科書。臺灣社會學刊,42,227-239。
  52. 邱金松(1976)。體育社會學理論與方法。臺北市=Taipei:正中=Zheng Zhong。
  53. 翁秀琪(1993)。閱聽人研究的新趨勢─收訊分析的理論與方法。新聞學研究,47,1-15。
  54. 許明彰(2005)。運動社會學。臺中市=Taichung:華格那=Wagner。
  55. 許樹淵(2012)。體育運動社會學。臺北市=Taipei:師大書苑=Shi Da Shu Yuan。
  56. 陳國光(2002)。我國體育運動管理學碩士論文研究主題探討。大專體育學術專刊,19-30。
  57. 陳慧佳(2010)。雲林縣=Yunlin,國立雲林科技大學=National Yunlin University of Science and Technology。
  58. 黃東治(2007)。臺灣運動社會學研究的回顧與展望。國民體育季刊,153
  59. 黃東治、王建臺、朱文惠、邱建章、陳耀宏、劉昌德、黃仲凌(2012)。新編運動社會學。臺中市=Taichung:華格那=Wagner。
  60. 黃敏原(2012)。俗世工作聖職化的社會學考古:韋伯《新教倫理》中對路德「Beruf」相關概念之推論理路。臺灣社會學刊,51,115-158。
  61. 廖瑞銘(2007)。心理學門熱門及前瞻研究議題調查結果簡介。人文與社會科學簡訊,8(4),1-6。
  62. 趙鋏(1977)。體育社會學。臺北市=Taipei:幼獅=You Shi。
  63. 劉世閔、曾世豐(2013)。NVivo10 在臺灣質性研究中的位置與批判。臺灣教育評論月刊,2(4),65-71。
  64. 盧元鎮(2006)。體育社會學。北京市=Beijing:高等教育=Gao Deng Jiao Yu。
  65. 蘇維杉(2009)。運動社會學。臺北市=Taipei:華都=Hua Dou。
  66. 顧忠華 譯、Weber, M.(1993)。社會學的基本概念。臺北市=Taipei:遠流=Yuan Liou。
Times Cited
  1. 張桂琥,林傳智,林耕宇,林育臣(2019)。陸軍橄欖球員運動傷害之評估:修正式德菲法與模糊層級分析法的應用。臺灣運動心理學報,19(1),41-57。