Title

Health-Related Physical Fitness in Normal-Weight and Over Weight/Obese Elderly in Taiwan

Translated Titles

台灣地區正常體重與過重/肥胖老年人之健康體適能

Authors

簡盟月(Meng-Yueh Chien);吳英黛(Ying-Tai Wu);連倚南(I-Nan Lien);陳思遠(Ssu-Yuan Chen);陳曉宜(Shiau-Yee Chen)

Key Words

體適能 ; 過重 ; 肥胖 ; 老年人 ; Physical fitness ; Overweight ; Obesity ; Elderly

PublicationName

物理治療

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

28卷4期(2003 / 08 / 01)

Page #

173 - 180

Content Language

英文

Chinese Abstract

Purpose: To investigate health-related physical fitness in normal-weight and overweight/obese elderly in Taiwan. Methods: A total of 78 elderly (above 65-year-old) volunteers participated in this study and were divided into two groups by body mass index (< 24.0 kg/m2 and ≧ 24.0 kg/m2). Physical fitness evaluation included strength, flexibility, muscular endurance, three-minute stepping test, and body composition analysis. Results: Subjects in the overweight/obese group had higher systolic blood pressure (p < 0.05). There were significant differences in curl-up test, % body fat, fat free mass, waist/hip ratio, and physical efficiency index (PEI) derived from stepping test, but not in flexibility and grip strength, between the two groups. Multiple linear regression after adjusting for age and gender revealed that only the PEI was significantly different between the two groups (p < 0.05), while no significant difference was found in flexibility, grip strength and muscular endurance between the two groups. Conclusion: The overweight/obese group had lower physical fitness than their normal-weight counterparts. These findings suggest the importance of regular assessment of physical fitness in obese elderly and also the need to design an adequate exercise program for them to maintain good fitness.

English Abstract

Purpose: To investigate health-related physical fitness in normal-weight and overweight/obese elderly in Taiwan. Methods: A total of 78 elderly (above 65-year-old) volunteers participated in this study and were divided into two groups by body mass index (< 24.0 kg/m2 and ≧ 24.0 kg/m2). Physical fitness evaluation included strength, flexibility, muscular endurance, three-minute stepping test, and body composition analysis. Results: Subjects in the overweight/obese group had higher systolic blood pressure (p < 0.05). There were significant differences in curl-up test, % body fat, fat free mass, waist/hip ratio, and physical efficiency index (PEI) derived from stepping test, but not in flexibility and grip strength, between the two groups. Multiple linear regression after adjusting for age and gender revealed that only the PEI was significantly different between the two groups (p < 0.05), while no significant difference was found in flexibility, grip strength and muscular endurance between the two groups. Conclusion: The overweight/obese group had lower physical fitness than their normal-weight counterparts. These findings suggest the importance of regular assessment of physical fitness in obese elderly and also the need to design an adequate exercise program for them to maintain good fitness.

Topic Category 醫藥衛生 > 醫藥總論
Times Cited
  1. 陳真怡(2014)。健走介入對社區慢性病老人體適能之影響。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2014。1-87。 
  2. 黃純慈(2013)。鄭子太極拳對銀髮族功能性體適能促進之探討。樹德科技大學經營管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-69。