Relationship between Hikers' Early-Life Outdoor Experiences and Environmental Attitudes
吳崇旗(Chung-Chi Wu)；王偉琴(Wei-Ching Wang)；邱馨凰(Hsin-Huang Chiu)
典型相關 ； 戶外遊憩 ； 臺中大坑步道 ； 負面環境事件 ； canonical correlation analysis ； outdoor recreation ； Da-Kung trails ； negative environmental events
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
12卷1期（2010 / 03 / 31）
21 - 29
The purpose of this research was aimed to explore the relationship between hikers' early-life outdoor experiences and environmental attitudes. In this study data were collected on-site from the hikers (aged from 20 to 50 years) of Da-Kung trails with convenience sampling. All of the questionnaires were distributed and 350 were received from the hikers. Canonical correlation analyses were used to explore the relationships between the two variables. The study results revealed the significant relationships between hikers' early-life outdoor experiences, and environmental attitudes, and two canonical factors were extracted. The first canonical factor revealed that the more hiker's personal outdoor experiences, organizational and educational outdoor experiences are witnessing as negative environmental events; the more positive they reflected on the balance of nature and limits to growth. The second canonical factor revealed that the more hiker's personal outdoor experiences as well as organizational and educational outdoor experiences, the less they perceived the idea of human domination. Therefore, we suggest that schools, outdoor managers and related institutes need to conduct more activities and programs aiming at nature for hikers to help them to develop positive environmental attitudes.