Title

Gender Differences and Listener Responses in Spanish Foreign Language Conversations

Translated Titles

西語作為第二外語的對話中之性別差意及聽者回應

DOI

10.7084/LIS.201212.0001

Authors

魯四維(Javier Pérez Ruiz)

Key Words

聽者回應 ; 會話分析 ; 性別差異 ; 西文外語學習 ; Listener Responses ; Conversation ; Gender ; Spanish Language

PublicationName

語文與國際研究

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

9期(2012 / 12 / 01)

Page #

1 - 24

Content Language

西班牙文

Chinese Abstract

此論文主要是研究不同性別以西班牙語當作第二外語時在口語互動上的影響。這兩人一組的西語對話分別由台灣學習西語的20男性及20位女性所執行,該篇論文尤其著重於聽者回應技巧的探索。為確保研究的有效性,其樣本設定在以下的社會語言學變量:研究對象的年齡、性別、社會地位及語言流暢度在目標語間的連帶關係。論文研究結果顯示在定量與定性的情況下,男女學習者在聽者回應上有差異性。女性的對話較屬於合作性且語言較為流暢,其中原因是由於女性在對話中使用較多的聽者回應技巧。這項研究發現對外語課程具有相當的重要性,因為它指出在第二外語的會話中,聽者回應是很基本的要素,透過聽者回應,使第二外語的對話變得更加自然且不造作。

English Abstract

This paper investigates the influence of gender on the oral interaction in Spanish as a foreign language. In particular, it explores the listener responses mechanisms of Taiwanese learners in Spanish foreign language through the natural dyadic Spanish conversation conducted by 20 males and 20 females. To insure the internal validity of this study, the researcher has standardized the samples according to age, gender, social status and Spanish language proficiency.The results show quantitative and qualitative gender differences in listener responses behavior between male and female students. The conversation between females is more collaborative and fluent than in male conversation. The reason is that females use more and different listener responses strategies in the oral interaction. This finding has a significant relevance in foreign language classroom learning, because it indicates that the listener responses in the conversation are essential component that contributes to the more natural and spontaneous interaction between learners.

Topic Category 人文學 > 語言學
人文學 > 外國文學
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