The Reform of Elementary and Secondary School Management under Neoliberalism in Japan
楊思偉(Szu-Wei Yang)；陳盛賢(Sheng-Hsien Chen)；許筱君(Hsiao-Chun Hsu)
新自由主義 ； 學校改革 ； 學校經營 ； neoliberalism ； school reform ； school management
|Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication||
27卷1期（2013 / 06 / 01）
1 - 17
The purpose of this study was to explore educational reform policies in the management of elementary and secondary school in Japan under the influence of the concepts, which were market competition of neoliberalism establishment, consumer choice mechanism and accountability. To promote the whole educational reform policies through interacting between neoconservatism and neoliberalism combined nationalists education and marketization education policies. The main features of the educational reform included expansion of school discretion authority, the establishment of intramural responsibility system, school management responsibility, to set up participatory of school management, expansion of principal's power and the exertion of readership ability. Specific strategies are to set up ”community schools,” ”school council,” ”school councilors system,” ”senior teacher system” and new system which promoted ”school choice” with community schools. It had some characteristics to promote strategies of school management reform under neoliberalism in Japan, but it had some problems. At the moment, it is still worth to continue to observe these policies, and to learn school management system as thinking about the development of domestic education.