Title

家戶自行車持有與使用行為選擇模式之構建

Translated Titles

Modeling the Choice Behaviors in Ownership and Usage of Bicycle

DOI

10.6342/NTU.2012.00761

Authors

溫珮如

Key Words

自行車 ; 持有 ; 使用 ; 羅吉特模式 ; bicycle ; ownership ; usage ; logit model

PublicationName

臺灣大學土木工程學研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2012年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

許添本

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

由於台灣地區經濟發展,長期依賴機動車輛之情況下造成嚴重的能源消耗、空氣污染與交通壅塞等問題,尤其是以地狹人稠的都市地區為最。為了達成社會永續的目標下,我國政府於各地積極推廣自行車運輸及相關建設與策略活動,必須更迫切地推動有效的管理策略來提升自行車的持有與使用,為了瞭解在不同管理策略下自行車持有與使用的提升程度,必須建立一套自行車持有與使用的選擇行為模式。 基於上述觀點,本研究以台北市為研究範圍利用羅吉特模式建構台北市自行車持有與使用行為選擇模式,並以敘述性偏好法蒐集民眾於自行車相關政策實施下之運具選擇行為分析各項管理策略;在實證分析方面,以台北市家戶資料為基礎,以簡單隨機抽樣方式,共計發放500 份問卷,回收有效問卷494 份,進行台北市家戶自行車持有與使用行為選擇模式建構分析。 家戶自行車持有模式結果顯示家戶人口組成以及住宅環境確實對於家戶自行車持有數量具有顯著影響;家戶自行車模式結果顯示有使用自行車習慣者,主要用途通常為通勤/學、運具轉乘,當目的地具有良好的停車設施時,民眾會有較高的使用率。並以同一家戶使用的效用函數值相加代入持有模式中進行模式校估,結果顯示在家戶持有自行車的情況下,使用確實與自行車數量有顯著關係;由政策模擬模式中得知自行車基礎設施及相關獎勵措施對於提升自行車使用率有相當大的助益。未來若育提倡自行車使用率應加強現有的交通環境,並研擬相關獎勵措施將對於提升自行車之使用率有相當大的助益。

English Abstract

Associated with the rapid growth of economic development in Taiwan, long-term dependence on motor vehicle has inevitably brought severe problems of energy consumption, air pollution and traffic congestion. The problems become even more serious in urban areas. In order to reach the social sustainability of the goal Thus, it is urgent and imperative to propose and implement management strategies which can effectively curtail the ownership and usage of bicycle for the goal of sustainability. Our governments also actively promote bicycle transportation and related activities around. Urgent to promote effective management strategies to improve bicycle ownership and usage, in order to understand the household bicycle ownership and usage process in the different management strategies,to develop the choice behavior models of bicycle ownership and usage is extremely important. Based on this, this study employs Logit model to model the bicycle ownership and usage behaviors, respectively. This study decided to choice Taipei for the study area, using the Logit model to construct household bicycle ownership and usage choice behaviors model and using the stated preference method to collect the data construct the mode choice behaviors in bicycle-related policies to analysis management strategy. To do this, this study first conducts a nationwide questionnaire survey by disseminating a total of 500 questionnaires in Taipei household data in the empirical analysis, based on simple random sampling. A total of 494 valid questionnaires are returned. Then the bicycle Logit models are developed accordingly. The results of the ownership model show that population, social economics and living region are major contributing factors to households bicycle ownership. The results of the usage show that the main purpose of cyclists on commuters/school and Interchange transportation, when there are good parking facilities, people will have higher utilization rates. By the policy simulation model that we know if to promote bicycle usage should strengthen the existing traffic environment and develop incentives for enhancing the utilization of bicycle considerable benefit.

Topic Category 工學院 > 土木工程學研究所
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
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