From collective representation to daily-life simulation: The change of the meaning in Taiwan funeral paper offerings
紙紮 ； 物的意義 ； 死後世界 ； 擬真 ； 死亡儀式 ； paper offerings ； the meaning of object ； afterlife ； daily- life simulation ； view of life and death
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This thesis deals with the relationship between humanity and paper offerings after the formation of a new culture of Taiwan paper offerings. The main purpose is to understand the change of the meanings between people and paper offerings through the process of production, purchase and usage. In addition, how did the form, the symbolic, and the ritual performance of the paper offerings connect this world and afterworld was also explored. Through in-depth interview as well as news and internet data, the author concludes the following findings. Firstly, the traditional paper offering culture has been declining in the change of the etiquette governance and the increasing emphasis of the consciousness of environmental protection. Meanwhile, the new culture of paper offerings was born during this period. New culture depends on the view of death in Confucianism and Taoism. In Confucianism, it is said that we should love our family and embrace filial piety so that we do not need to be afraid of death, on the other hand, the fear of death is manifested in the taboo of the Taoist funeral. Therefore, in the past when we gave paper offerings to dead person, it represented we were scared of them, but now it stands for our love of them. Secondly, the new culture has changed from white envelope to gift. And the meaning of the gift is composed of the extension of everyday life and the performance of social relationship between people and dead persons. In the end, in terms of the controversy between paper offering culture and environmental protection, the transformation of the paper offering in 2000s is possible to become one solution to cultural conservation.
工程學 > 土木與建築工程
工程學 > 市政與環境工程