Title

實名制、網路社會運動與網路人際關係之初探:以Facebook個人網頁討論士林王家「文林苑」都更案為例

Translated Titles

The Research of Real Name System, Internet Social Movement, and Interpersonal Relationship in Facebook Personal Page: Taking Shihlin Urban Renewal for Example

DOI

10.6846/TKU.2013.00290

Authors

陳蔚承

Key Words

人際關係 ; 網路社會運動 ; 實名制 ; 網路社群 ; interpersonal relationship ; Internet social movement ; real name system ; Internet community

PublicationName

淡江大學大眾傳播學系碩士班學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2013年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

許傳陽

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

網路科技日新月異,已經成為一種虛擬公共討論的空間,而這個空間則成為網路社會運動生成的基礎,以往在網路上多為匿名或是使用假名的情形下,產生了許多預期之外的問題;而「實名制」的出現,也代表了網路環境的轉變。然而,探究以往文獻,多以匿名性或假名的角度探討網路上的種種行為,從實名制出發的研究卻付之闕如。 而相較於以往社會運動的實體動員,由於科技的發展,讓動員的過程和社會運動的開展可以在網路上進行,透過網路的虛擬連結、高度近用及互動性等等特性,讓資訊和社運組織的宣傳發送到更多人手中;另一方面,網路克服了地理區隔的實體障礙,所以可以讓更多人共同參與社會抗爭,包括給予參與實體抗爭成員支持、發表意見討論相關議題和透過轉貼、轉引的方式讓社運組織的訊息網絡流通更加擴大,這也是網絡社會的特色之一。 本研究從實名制的角度出發,探討實名制對於網路人際關係、網路社會運動、社會支持及意見表達的影響,並以匿名制或是假名制的文獻為參考,來凸顯匿名制和實名制不同之處。研究顯示,實名制能夠增加網路人際凝聚力和社會支持,進而形成個人言論的約束力,讓個人能夠為言論負責,而讓整個虛擬公共空間的討論可以更有效率,最後形成網路或是實體社會運動。

English Abstract

The technology of the Internet is in progress and the Internet has become a virtual public sphere where people can discuss or debate to the public issues; moreover, the sphere also has become the fundamental of social movements. In the past, the researches of the Internet were focused on the anonymous or the fake names, and he anonymous and the fake names led to several unanticipated problem; on the other hand, when “true name system” occurs on the Internet, which means that the environment of the Internet has changed. However, reading the articles and relative researches, researcher discovers that the most of the past research was focus on the anonymous or the fake names, lacking true name effect and relative discovery. Compared with the embodied mobilization of traditional social movement, the appearance of social movement has changed. Because of the development of technology, the mobilization process and social movement can be launched on the Internet. On the one hand, the information and the campaigns of social movement organizations can be disseminated by the characters of Internet, including virtual connection, high access, and interactivity. On the other hand, Internet can overcome the geographical barrier, so it can let more people take part in social protest, including give supports to the people who real dedicate to movements, issue opinion to discuss certain subject, and post or cite organizations message to let the information can be accepted by more people. The phenomenon is also one of the characters of network society. This research comes from the degree of true name, probes the effect of true name toward the development of relationship, social support, Internet social movement and opinions communication on the Internet, as well as refers the researches of anonymous and the fake names to highlight the differences among true name, anonymous and the fake names. The consequence shows that true name system can promote interpersonal identity, social support, format the restriction of personal opinion and let people take responsibility to their opinion; furthermore, it can let the whole virtual public sphere become more efficient and finally encourage the virtual or physical social movements.

Topic Category 文學院 > 大眾傳播學系碩士班
社會科學 > 傳播學
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  106. 王嵩音、池熙璿(1998)。〈原住民網路新聞討論全之研究:以tw.bbs.soc.tayal為例〉。第二屆資訊科技與社會轉型研討會會議論文。台北:中央研究院社會研究所。
  107. 王玉燕(2006)。〈紀錄片作為社會運動的載具:《貢寮,你好嗎?》的書寫策略〉。中華傳播 學刊。
  108. 吉佳媛、陳柏佑(2008)。〈虛擬社群網站之「實名制」與網際認同塑造之研究-以南韓Cyworld網站為例〉。中華傳播學會。
  109. 江嘉軒(2004)。〈虛擬社群網站使用動機與社會臨場研究〉。中山大學傳播管理所碩士論文。
  110. 李明炫(2009)。〈Web2.0下的社會運動:以樂生保留運動為例〉。世新大學新聞學系研究所碩士論文。
  111. 吳姝蒨(1999)。〈「電腦中介傳播」通道的「虛擬人際關係」--探訪「電子佈告欄」中情感關係的組成與發展〉。「第三屆資訊科技與社會轉型研討會」論文。台北: 中研院社會所。
  112. 柯佩均、吳柏蓉、侯岱伶、洪淑倫、陳意羚(2007)。〈網際網路使用對公共事務參與之影響:以樂生療養院拆遷事件為例〉。政治大學研究生學會,[線上資料],取自: http://nccu.edu.tw/95254013/1.3.pdf
  113. 邱淳仁(2009)。〈線上遊戲的社會支持與傳播行為---以《魔獸世界》玩家為例〉。銘傳大學傳播管理研究所碩士論文。
  114. 周圩宣(2010)。〈社會運動組織的議題管理與策略框架之研究:以台灣同志諮詢熱線協會為例〉。世新大學公共關係暨廣告學系碩士論文。
  115. 范光描(2003)。〈網際網路與社會運動-以台灣人權促進會電子報為例〉。中國文化大學新聞學系研究所碩士論文。
  116. 徐千偉(2000)。〈網際網路與公民參與:台北市政府網路個案分析〉。政治大學公共行政學系研究所碩士論文。
  117. 許傳陽(2007)。〈網際傳播與社會運動: 一個網路社會運動組織形式之初探〉。《玄奘資訊傳播學報》,4:37-50
  118. 許馨文(2002)。〈交工樂隊︰台灣通俗音樂的社會運動實踐〉。中華傳播學會。
  119. 陳蓉萱(2005)。〈線上社會支持類型初探—以即時通訊軟體MSN為例〉。中華傳播學刊。
  120. 陳芳哲(2007)。〈社會運動的動員力量¬〉。南華大學社會學研究所。[線上資料],取自: http://www.nhu.edu.tw/~society/e-j/63/63-06.htm
  121. 陳安娜(2010)。〈外向性格、自我監控及人際網絡對社會支持之影響-以Facebook為例〉。2010台灣資訊社會研究學會年會暨學術研討會,新竹:交通大學。
  122. 黃俐婷(2003)。〈探討青少年接受到的社會支持〉。《社區發展季刊》103:144-157。
  123. 管中祥(2007)。〈第二十七章文化實踐與社會運動〉,pp.695-718,[線上資料],取自: http://cc.shu.edu.tw/~e62/HRIM/sub03/9603/17.pdf
  124. 楊國斌(2009)。〈悲情與戲謔:網絡事件中的情感動員〉。《傳播與社會學刊》,9:39-66。
  125. 謝毓雯(1998)。 〈青少年挫折經驗與挫折容忍之關係研究:建設性思考與社會支持角色〉。政治大學心理研究所碩士論文。
  126. 劉漢鈞(2010)。〈關愛「關愛」:解讀台灣愛滋人權與網路空間下的社會運動實踐〉。輔仁大學大眾傳播研究所碩士論文。
  127. 藍晨英(2002)。〈網路集結與網路動員〉。中華傳播學會。
  128. 劉奕蘭(2002 年 5 月)。〈網路社會支持的探討〉,「2002 網路與社會研討會」。新竹清華大學。
  129. 盧佩樺(2010)。〈網路動員與青年公民參與:以PTT鄉民救災團為例〉 。中華傳播學會年會暨第四屆數位傳播國際學術研討會論文。
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  133. Dijk,van J. (1999). The Network Society. Translated by Leontine Spoorenberg. SAGE Publications Inc.
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  140. (二) 專書及論文
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  153. Johnston, H. & Klandermans, B. (1995). The Culture Analysis of Social Movement, in Johnston, H. & Klandermans, B. (eds) , Social Movement and Culture, pp.3-25. University of Minnesota Press.
  154. Johnston, H., Larana, E., & Gusfield, J. R. (1994). Identitym Grievances, and New Social Movement, in in Larana, E., Johnston, H., & Gusfield, J. R.(eds). New Social Movement: From Ideology to Identity. pp.1-35, Temple University Press.
  155. Kavada, A. (2003). Social Movement and Current Network Research. Paper presented at the workshop Contemporary Anti-War Mobilizations: Agonistic Engagement Within Social Movement Networks, 6-7 November 2003, Corfu, Greece.
  156. Kavada, A. (2006). The 'Alter-globalization movement' and the internet: A Case Study of Communication Networks and Collective Action. Paper presented at the ' Cortona Colloquium 2006--Cultural Conflicts , Social Movement and New Rights: A European Challenge, 20-22 Oct. 2006, Cotona, Italy.
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  158. McKenna, B., Gardner, L.A., & Myers, M.D. (2011). Issues in the Study of Virtual World Social Movements. PACIS 2011 Proceedings, Paper 129.
  159. Melucci(1995). The Global Planet and the Internal Planet: New Frontiers for Collective Action and Individual Transornation,in Darnovsky M., Epstein, B.,& Flack, R. (eds), Cultural Politics and Social Movements. (pp.287-298). Philadelphia: Temple Univ. Press.
  160. Metts, S., Geist, P., & Gray, J. L. (1994). The Role of Relationship Characteristics in the Provision and Effectiveness of Supportive Messages Among Nursing Professionals. in Burleson, B. R., Albrecht, T. L., & Sarason, I. G. (eds.), Communication of Social Support, pp.229-246.
  161. Mickleson, K. D. (1997). Seeking Social Support: Parents in Electronic Support Group, in Kiesler, S. (eds.), Culture of the Internet, Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, pp.157-178.
  162. Morozov, E. ( Dec. 9, 2010). Virtual v.s. Real Protests. The New York Times.
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