Title

利用光硬化技術備製聚醯胺壓克力樹脂/黏土奈米複合材料之特性研究

Translated Titles

Prepares the system using the light hardening technology to gather characteristic of research the acid amide acrylic fabric resin/clay nanometer compound materials

DOI

10.6840/CYCU.2012.00072

Authors

林建邑

Key Words

壓克力 ; 黏土 ; 聚烯胺 ; 納米複合材料 ; Nanocomposites ; uv

PublicationName

中原大學化學工程研究所學位論文

Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication

2012年

Academic Degree Category

碩士

Advisor

Content Language

繁體中文

Chinese Abstract

中文摘要 納米複合材料(Nanocomposites)具有高強度、高剛性、高耐熱性、低吸水性、低透氣率等特性,可廣泛的應用來提升電子產業、 通訊產業與傳統產業的發展。其次,隨著工業技術蓬勃發展,人類面臨了嚴重的環境污染及破壞,應用節能減碳與低污染的製程是未 來的趨勢,尤其利用紫外光反應的複合材料更是未來的主流。 本論文主要是製備聚醯胺壓克力樹脂/黏土之奈米複合材料,選用親油性光硬化樹脂PUA,並分別添加屬於親水性未改質的 NA-Clay黏土,及表面改質的親油性黏土P1450-Clay和P2450-Clay。先將黏土均勻分散於溶劑中,再加入聚醯胺壓克力寡聚混合物攪拌均勻後,進行紫外光反應硬化成膜,即為本研究之聚醯胺壓克力樹脂/黏土之奈米複合材料。 在WAXRD測試中PUA可以將親油性黏土0.5%的P1450-Clay 的層間距撐開到12.03nm,並在TEM圖中可以清楚證明以達到奈米分散,因為結晶格子排列整齊,在阻氣測試中氣體在滲透的路徑延長,使阻氣效果達到最佳的2.12g/cm2,在TGA測試中裂解溫度可以提高至404.9℃,由於分散效果佳,不容易破壞晶格子,儲存模數高,玻璃轉移溫度拉高至130℃,表面硬度也從2H到5H。 在接觸角測試中P1450-Clay對水的吸附力最少因而提高材料表面抵抗水的能力。

English Abstract

Abstract The widespread application of Nanocomposites promotes the electronic industry, the communication industry and the traditional industry development, because those provide several excellent properties, such as, high strength, high rigidity, high thermal stability, low hygroscopicity, low air penetrability. Furthermore, along with the industrial technology vigorous development, the humanity has faced the serious environmental pollution and the destruction, will reduce the carbon and the low pollution system regulation using the energy conservation is future tendency, especially using the ultraviolet ray response's compound materials will be future mainstream. The present paper is mainly the preparation gathers the urethane acrylic resin/clay nanometer compound materials, selects lipophilic light hardening resin PUA, and increases separately belongs to the water affinity not to change the archery target NA-Clay clay, and the surface changes archery target lipophilic clay P1450-Clay and P2450-Clay. Disperses evenly the first clay in the resolver, after then joins gathers the acid amide acrylic fabric widowed gathers the mixture agitation evenly, carries on the ultraviolet ray to respond that hardens the membrane, namely gathers the acid amide acrylic fabric resin/clay for this research nanometer compound materials. PUA may open in the WAXRD test the lipophilic clay 0.5% P1450-Clay level spacing 12.03nm, and in the TEM chart may prove clearly achieves a nanometer dispersion, because of the crystal lattice arrange in neat rows, in the choke test the gas in the seepage way extension, enables the choke effect to achieve best 2.12g/cm2, decomposes the temperature in the TGA test to be possible to enhance to 404.9℃, because the scattered effect is good, not the easy perturbed lattice, the storage modulus to be high, the glass shift temperature pulls high to 130℃, hardness also from 2H to 5H. In the angle of contact test the P1450-Clay adding water adsorptive attraction are least, therefore the hydrophobic increases thus enhances the material surface resistance water ability.

Topic Category 工學院 > 化學工程研究所
工程學 > 化學工業
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