Translated Titles

Applying Delphi Method In The Design Of A Portable Pressure - Relieving Backpack For Elementary School Children





Key Words

人因工學 ; 使用者導向設計 ; 德爾菲法 ; 學童舒壓背包 ; CCR效率值評估 ; ergonomics ; user-oriented design ; Delphi method ; pressure relief backpack for schoolchildren ; CCR efficiency evaluation



Volume or Term/Year and Month of Publication


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Content Language


Chinese Abstract


English Abstract

The weight of schoolbags has a significant connection to pupils’ health, an issue of concern to the educational circles. Ergonomics is considered by schoolbag designers; they try to customize the bags. The government and educational circles also prefer to purchase such double-shoulder-strap backpacks. For understanding the positive and negative impact of the weight on children, a test of the ergonomics was carried out to explore the framework of backpack designs, the cause of backache and the serious consequent condition of scoliosis the back becomes"C" or "S" shaped or humpback. First, the researcher distributed questionnaires to experts in order to acquire their viewpoints concerning backpack designs. From the collected data on ordinary schoolbags, the questionnaires were evaluated, and analyzed by using the Delphi method. A level structure diagram was divided into twenty design elements and four perspectives: appearance requirement, function requirement, material requirement and price requirement. Based on these twenty design elements, four backpack designs were proposed (A: standard cartoon design, B: standard design, C: ordinary design for growth and D: branded design of growth). The maximum performance value of each design element with CCR efficiency evaluation method was calculated. Besides, the expert weighting method was also used to ascertain the relative importance degree of the four perspectives, i.e. weighted value of appearance requirement, function requirement, material requirement and price requirement. Furthermore, the maximum performance value and the weighted value of the perspectives were multiplied; consequently, its result is considered as the best backpack design. It is hoped that the design can reduce backache for schoolchildren.

Topic Category 管理學院 > 工業管理學系
工程學 > 工程學總論
社會科學 > 管理學
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