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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 62 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林麗雲 (2008)。〈變遷與挑戰:解禁後的臺灣報業〉,《新聞學研究》,95:183-212。
  2. Barkin, S. M. (2003). Local news. In American Television News: The Media Marketplace and the Public Interest. Armonk, New York: M. E. Sharpe.
  3. Garneau, G. (1994). Stop Blaming illiteracy. Editor & Publisher, June 25.
  4. Harvey, D. (1993). Mapping the futures: Local cultures, global change. New York: Routledge.
  5. Molotch, H. (1976). The city as growth machine: Toward a political economy of place. American Journal of Sociology, 82(2).
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施景瑞(2014)。在家記者與地方記者制度對台灣電視地方新聞品質的影響。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2014。1-91。 
  2. 張傳佳(2013)。獨立/主流媒體的環境報導──以國光石化開發案為例。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2013。1-138。 
  3. 邱槿桉(2011)。報社所有權轉移與市場導向之關聯性研究-以中國時報為例。臺灣師範大學圖文傳播學系學位論文。2011。1-133。
  4. 陳韻晴(2012)。報業變遷中的地方記者—新聞工作的困境與生存策略。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2012。1-98。
  5. 鄭宇融(2014)。即時新聞與媒體勞動-以蘋果日報為例。中正大學傳播學系電訊傳播研究所學位論文。2014。1-140。
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