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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 253 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王豐寓,2008。鯉科魚類視覺基因的適應演化。國立清華大學生命科學系博士論
    2. 李美慧、王振叡,2004。外因性內分泌干擾物對魚類生殖的影響,生物科學 47(1):
    3. 李德旺、于錫亮,2005。埔里中華爬岩鰍棲地環境之需求。特有生物研究
    4. 周心儀,2004。水生昆蟲在不同流速與底床之分佈與行為做為生態工程設計之依
    5. 研討會論文集。行政院農委會。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 謝昀諭(2014)。石門水庫集水區玉峰溪台灣鏟頷魚年齡成長與生殖研究。臺灣大學漁業科學研究所學位論文。2014。1-55。 
    2. 宋承恩(2016)。以斗六堰長期生態監測資料分析優勢魚種洄游習性。清華大學生物資訊與結構生物研究所學位論文。2016。1-78。
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