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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 33 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳孟玲、張東柱、莊鈴木、洪挺軒、陳昭翰、林立大 (2009) 樹木褐根病PCR快速檢測技術之建立,中華林學季刊42 (2):239-247。
  2. 黃裕星、陳昭翰、洪挺軒、吳孟玲、張東柱 (2014) 樹木有害木層孔菌的恆溫環狀擴增法 (LAMP)檢測方法之研發,植物病理學會刊23:1-13。
  3. 蔡志濃 (2008) 褐根病菌之生物特性及分子診斷技術,國立中興大學植物病理系博士論文p.7-99。
  4. Anderson, J. B. and Stasovski, E. (1992) Molecular phylogeny of Northern-Hemisphere species of Armillaria. Mycologia 84: 505±516.
  5. Angwin, P.A., and Hansen, E.M. (1993) Pairing tests to determine mating compatibility in Phellinus weirii. Mycol Res 97: 1469–1475.
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