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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何明晃(2009)。〈司法院大法官會議釋字第664號解釋論析〉,《刑事法雜誌》,第53卷第6期,頁19-57。
  2. 李茂生(1999)。〈新少年事件處理法的立法基本策略—後現代法秩序序說〉,《臺大法學論叢》,第28卷第2期,頁141-228。
  3. 李茂生(2000)。〈少年犯罪的預防與矯治制度的批判-一個系統論的考察〉,《臺大法學論叢》,第29卷第2期,頁79-174。
  4. 李茂生(2003)。〈論刑法部分條文修正草案中保安處分相關規定〉,《月旦法學雜誌》,第93期,頁101-113。
  5. 周愫嫻(1995)。〈正式與非正式社會控制對青少年偏差行為的嚇阻效果〉,《犯罪學期刊》,第1期,頁31-50。
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