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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 財團法人資訊工業策進會科技法律研究所,《給科技研發與創新服務提供者的—個資運用藍圖》,2011年初版,台北:商周。
  2. 呂丁旺,〈淺析修正「個人資料保護法」〉,《月旦法學》,183期,頁131-146(2010年8月)。
  3. 林秀蓮,〈個人資料保護法初探〉,《萬國法律》,頁1(2011年4月)
  4. Bainbridge, David (1996), EC Data Protection Directive, London: Butterworths.
  5. Morgan, Richard & Ruth Boardman (2003), Data Protection Strategy: Implementing Data Protection Compliance, London: Sweet & Maxwell.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 施佩岑(2014)。敏感性個人資料保護之比較研究-以歐盟與英國為例。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2014。1-107。 
  2. 李俊良(2015)。論人體檢體生物醫學研究之管制體系─以委員會控核機制及研究倫理法律義務為核心。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-522。 
  3. 蔡季蓁(2013)。從資訊自決權之觀點論個人資料保護之界限。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2013。1-154。
  4. 林佳毅(2014)。個人資料保護法資訊運用限制之研究。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2014。1-190。
  5. 林鴻文(2016)。醫療隱私與個人資料保護之研究。中正大學會計資訊與法律數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-186。
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