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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 230 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文霞,2002a,<英國工會主義的起源與工會的發展(1800-1880)>,《西洋史集刊》,9: 269-311。
  2. 王文霞,2002b,<英國工會運動的發展--倫敦火柴女工罷工與其對新工會主義的影響(1888)>,《成大西洋史集刊》,10: 255-286。
  3. 王松柏,2001,<關於勞動者結社自由的幾個問題>,《經濟前瞻》,75: 52-56。
  4. 王振寰,1993b,<工人階級形成的分析:E. P. Thompson與新馬克思主義>,《台灣社會研究季刊》, 2:3,4: 147-174。
  5. 王振寰、方孝鼎,1992,<國家機器、勞工政策與勞工運動>,《台灣社會研究季刊》,13: 1-29。
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張迪皓(2011)。後國家統合主義的工會體制-產業總工會組織架構與功能的變遷。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2011。1-174。 
  2. 石長興(2010)。中國大陸農民工維權模式— 浙江義烏與廣東深圳的比較分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2010。1-136。
  3. 傅巧婷(2015)。藝術家的工會與公會。中山大學劇場藝術學系研究所學位論文。2015。1-96。
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