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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Wole Soyinka著;陳雅汝譯(2007),恐懼的氣氛,臺北市:商周。
    2. 王從恕(2001),〈西方環境倫理概要〉,《科學教育月刊》第241期,臺北市:國立臺灣師範大學科學教育中心。
    3. 司法改革雜誌編輯部(2001),〈RCA污染事件始末〉,《司法改革雜誌》,35期,臺北市:民間司法改革基金會。
    4. 李音儀(2008),《環境保護上國家責任與企業責任:以土壤及地下水污染整治制度為中心》,臺北大學法律學硏究所碩士論文。
    5. 李茂生(2004),〈刑法新修妨害電腦使用罪章芻議(上)〉,《台灣本土法學雜誌》,55期,臺北市:台灣本土法學雜誌社。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 溫欽閔(2015)。我國水污染防治法管制措施之檢討 – 以風險管理之運用為中心。中原大學財經法律研究所學位論文。2015。1-149。 
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