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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 180 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 5. 周振鋒(2015)。〈談美國社會企業立法—以公益公司為中心〉。《國立中正大學法學集刊》,第46 期,頁55-108。
  2. 10. 林國彬(2013)。〈公司出售或控制權出售時之股東利益最大化原則-論德拉瓦州法院Revlon/QVC Doctrine之適用範圍〉。《臺北大學法學論叢》,第87期,頁119-176。
  3. 12. 洪秀芬(2009)。〈德國企業社會責任之理論與實踐〉。《萬國法律》,第164期,頁37-63。
  4. 19. 陳盈如(2016)。〈社會企業之定義與其對於傳統公司法挑戰之迷思〉。《政大法學評論》,第145期,頁87-145。
  5. 21. 曾宛如(2002)。〈公司外部監督之分析〉。《臺大法學論叢》,第31卷第1期,頁147-213。
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