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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 102 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尤浚達、胡均立(2015)。〈電動機車在澎湖地區推動之關鍵成功因素分析〉。《綠色經濟電子期刊》,1 : A17-A35。
  2. 交通部運輸研究所(2006)。〈國家永續車輛管理政策 ─ 紓緩汽機車成長與使用報告〉。
  3. 杜文苓、李翰林(2008)。《國際永續發展趨勢初探──以聯合國千禧年發展目標為例》,《台灣國際研究季刊》,第四卷,第二期。
  4. 林明瑞、林盛隆、胡康寧、顏冠忠(2008)。〈就使用成本及環境觀點進行電動機車與燃油機車之比較研究〉,《中華民國環境保護學會學刊》,第三十一卷,第一期。
  5. 洪連成(2010)。〈台灣機車產業發展與未來〉。《生活科技教育月刊》。第四十三卷,第三期。
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