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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 44 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4.吳麗春、王銘琪、陳長凱,(2000),組合盆栽素材選擇,組合盆栽產銷技術手冊,傅仰人編,(pp.30-52),桃園:行政院農委會桃園區農業改良場。
  2. 5.李皇照、楊葆茜,(1996),家計單位盆花消費行為之分析,農業運銷季刊,106,24-78。
  3. 6.李茂興譯,Jain, S. C.著,(2000),行銷策略,台北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  4. 8.吳佳育,(2008),小品蝴蝶蘭盆栽消費者偏好之研究,碩士論文,台大園藝所造園組,台北。
  5. 9.林晏州,(2000),遊憩區選擇行為之研究-敘述性偏好模型之應用,戶外遊憩研究,13(1),63-86。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 馮鈺婷(2014)。園藝治療活動之植物適用性分析。國立臺灣大學園藝學研究所學位論文。2014。1-90。 
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