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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 157 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 尹裕君(1992)•有效與無效的臨床教學行為。弘光護專學報,9,145-152。
  2. 沈志強(2004)•國民小學健康與體育學習領域教師專業能力之研究(未發表的碩士論文)•臺北市立師範學院國民教育研究所。
  3. 杜素珍、張嘉娟、胡瑞桃、廖美南(1998)•臨床指導教師能力及教學需求之探討•長庚護理,9(4),31-39。
  4. 李皎正(1991) •從護生臨床實習效果談護理臨床教學•護理雜誌,38(1),47-55。
  5. 李皎正(1992)•護理臨床教學特質之因素分析•護理雜誌,39(2),101-113。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾惠翎(Hui-Ling Tseng);李皎正(Jane Lee-Hsieh)(2015)。建構護理臨床教師教學專業能力指標。護理雜誌。62(2)。57-65。 
  2. 洪慧真(2014)。跨域:大專護理教師自我認同的生命經驗敘說。中正大學課程研究所學位論文。2014。1-194。
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