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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 113 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林朝雄。1998。人鉤端螺旋體症血清流行病學調查暨血液透析病患抗心
  2. 高雅敏。1997。台灣地區豬與軍犬鉤端螺旋體症的血清流行病學調查。
  3. 國立臺灣大學獸醫學研究所碩士論文
  4. Adler, B, and Faine, S. 2002. The genus Leptospira. The prokaryotes: An
  5. evolving electronic resource for the microbiological community, 3rd edition, release 3.9,
Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳尚翰(2007)。台中地區小型哺乳類動物鉤端螺旋體感染調查暨應用恆溫式圈環型核酸增幅法進行鉤端螺旋體lipL32基因偵測。中興大學微生物暨公共衛生學研究所學位論文。2007。1-81。 
  2. 馮宗宏(2012)。台灣南部地區犬隻重要人畜共通傳染病之分子流行病學研究。屏東科技大學獸醫學系所學位論文。2012。1-83。 
  3. 陳煌元(2014)。台灣宜蘭地區性動物收容中心犬隻鉤端螺旋體血清陽性率與雨量之關聯性。臺灣大學獸醫學研究所學位論文。2014。1-151。 
  4. 傅瀅濱(2013)。臺灣棄養動物之福利與人畜共通疾病之相關性探討。臺灣大學獸醫學研究所學位論文。2013。1-159。 
  5. 陳韋廷(2006)。表現鉤端螺旋體Omp52外膜蛋白質的大腸桿菌在巨噬細胞之存活。臺灣大學獸醫學研究所學位論文。2006。1-72。 
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