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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 255 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉世忠(2010),《歷史的糾結,臺美關係的戰略合作與分歧:2000-2008》,臺北:新臺灣國策智庫。
  2. 王振寰(1989),〈臺灣的政治轉型與反對運動〉,《臺灣社會研究》,2(1):71-116。
  3. 吳親恩(2007),〈臺灣民眾的政治信任差異:政治人物、政府與民主體制三個面向的觀察〉,《臺灣政治學刊》,11(1):147-200。
  4. 徐正戎、張峻豪(2004),〈從新舊制度論看我國雙首長制〉,《政治科學論叢》,22:139-180。
  5. 周百信、李裕民(2009),〈我國半總統制下少數政府運作之研究─兼論工時案的政治角力〉,《社會科學教育研究》,14:111-127。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 沈芯菱(2015)。影響總統施政民意因素在重大事件中之探討。臺灣大學新聞研究所學位論文。2015。1-102。
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