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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 128 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 6. 汪渡村(2010)。《公平交易法》。台北:五南。
  2. 29. 廖義男(1996)。《公平交易法之釋論與實務》。台北:作者自刊。
  3. 4. 蔡鎮宇(2007)。《行政法上強制揭露義務與不自證己罪權利之關係:以美國法為核心》。國立臺灣大學法律學院法律學研究所碩士論文。
  4. 4. 江耀國(2014)。〈過猶不及的立法:個人資料保護法爭議問題研析〉,《法令月刊》第65卷第8期,頁51-66。
  5. 10. 林鈺雄(2006)。〈論不自證己罪原則〉,《臺大法學論叢》第35卷第2期,頁1-60。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張家寧(2016)。論間接證據於聯合行為合意證明上之運用。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2016。1-264。 
  2. 周皇君(2015)。公平交易法對金融業之規範—以英國法之市場調查機制為參考。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2015。1-132。
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