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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 王志傑(2008)。非典型雇用:決定因素及其對組織階層化的影響。國立台灣大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 3. 江豐富(2011)。失業、非典型就業的人口組成與工資率分析。台灣經濟預測與政策,42(1),75-118。
  3. 4. 李盈達(2011)。勞工派遣與正職受僱型態之實證研究-金融海嘯前之分析比較。國立中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文。
  4. 11. 柯志哲、張佩青(2014)。區隔的勞動市場?:探討台灣典型與非典型工作者的工作流動與薪資差異。台灣社會學刊,55,127-177。
  5. 12. 胡斌偉(2011)。台灣公私部門薪資差距之研究。國立台灣大學國家發展所碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖庭儀(2016)。台灣地區核心與邊陲產業薪資差異之因素探討。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-71。 
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