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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 34 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [3] 李昀蓁 (2016),計程車共乘願付價格之研究,逢甲大學運輸科技與管理學系學位論文。
  2. [4] 朱純孝、凃維穗、蔣昭弘 (2012),休閒自行車道使用者願付價格之研究—以淡水金色水岸為例,公共事務評論,13(1),45-63。
  3. [5] 陳凱俐、林和萱、陳正虎 (2011),體驗型電動交通工具願付價格之評估-以東部休閒區域遊客為例,宜蘭大學生物資源學刊,7(1),25-39。
  4. [6] 楊鎧綸 (2015),運輸服務屬性之願付價格-以臺鐵為例,交通大學運輸與物流管理學系學位論文。
  5. [7] 劉祐毓 (2015),LED球泡燈願付價格研究分析,中央大學產業經濟研究所學位論文。
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