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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何明修,2005,《社會運動概論》,臺北:三民。
  2. 林詩偉,2005,《集體認同的建構:當代臺灣客家論述的內容與脈絡分析(1987-2003)》,臺北:臺灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  3. 曾金玉,2000,〈臺灣客家運動之研究〉:台北:臺灣師範大學大公民訓育研究所碩士論文。
  4. Mass,Amand L.1975. Social Problems as Social Movements. Philade:J. B. Lippincott co.
  5. McAdam,D.1982.Political Process and Development of Black Insurgency,1930-1970.Chicago:University of Chicago Press.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鍾志正(2015)。「客家中原論述」在台灣的建構:以《中原》雜誌為核心的探索。交通大學客家文化學院客家社會與文化學程學位論文。2015。1-156。 
  2. 林作逸(2017)。臺灣客語政策之研究:1945-2017。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2017。1-211。 
  3. 王純玉(2011)。系列電視宣導節目再現客家族群形象之研究:《感動石客》個案。政治大學廣告研究所學位論文。2011。1-121。
  4. 孫丕洪(2014)。客家人際信任關係與公共參與之研究。中央大學客家研究碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-142。
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