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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 119 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 呂勝由1996。臺灣稀有及瀕危植物之分級 彩色圖鑑 (I)。行政院農業委員會。
  2. 吳宜穗 2004。棲蘭山區臺灣檫樹小尺度族群空間遺傳結構分析。國立臺灣大學
  3. 吳森博 2005。宜蘭太平山地區淋殿化土之特性化育與分類。國立臺灣大學農業
  4. 何坤益、蔡忠誠、呂福原 2010。應用 ISSR 分子標誌研究台灣檫樹族群之遺傳
  5. 林靖惠、關秉宗、林世宗、俞邱豐 2003。棲蘭山臺灣檫樹繁殖枝條葉部性狀之
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 柯雅青(2015)。臺灣檫樹之遺傳保育學。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2015。1-72。 
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