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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 133 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 盛杏媛,1997,〈立法委員的立法參與:概念、本質與測量〉,《問題與研究》,第三十六卷,第三期,頁1-25。
  2. 盛杏湲,1997,〈國會議員的代表行為:研究方法的探討〉,《問題與研究》,第三十六卷,第九期,頁37-58。
  3. 盛杏湲,2000,〈政黨或選區,立法委員的代表取向與行為〉,《選舉研究》,第七卷,第二期,頁37-66。
  4. 盛杏湲,2001,〈立法委員正式與非正式立法參與之研究:以第三屆立法委員為例〉,《問題與研究》,第四十卷,第五期,頁81-103。
  5. 陳恆鈞,1998,〈美國國會委員會的議事運作過程:三個理論觀點的探討〉,《問題與研究,41》,台北。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 賴綉琪(2017)。從2016年臺灣「電業法」修法過程看總統的立法影響力。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2017。1-156。 
  2. 陳淑敏(2007)。立法院議事運作之研究—以勞工退休基金監理會組織法為例。臺灣師範大學政治學研究所在職進修碩士班學位論文。2007。1-198。
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