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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 105 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何明宗. (2008). 臺灣地區未來醫師人力供需研究-灰色預測模式之應用. 醫務管理期刊, 9(4), 255-270.
  2. 吳美環. (2012). 以系統動態學方式探討在少子化危機及全民健保政策下台灣之兒科醫師人力規劃. 臺灣大學商學組碩士論文.
  3. 呂碧鴻, 高美英, 陳秀蓉, 王長偉. (2009). 畢業後一般醫學訓練住院醫師工作壓力與滿意度之全國性調查分析.
  4. 呂碧鴻, 高美英, 陳秀蓉, 王長偉. (2011). 住院醫師工作疲勞與個人性格及因應型態的關連. 醫學教育, 15(1), 21-30.
  5. 林木泉, 吳鏘亮, 陳俊賢, 李仁傑, 陳福士. (2009). 醫院從業人員工作特質與疲勞關係之探討. 醫務管理期刊, 10(2), 93-110.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張乃云(2016)。2003~2013年台灣主治醫師人力與服務量分佈之長期資料研究 -以產科、兒科、外科住院服務為主。國立臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-113。 
  2. 陳政志(2016)。醫院評鑑對醫院產生預期與非預期效果之初探。臺灣大學公共衛生碩士學位學程學位論文。2016。1-116。 
  3. 許志明(2016)。以360度評核回饋結果分析一般醫學訓練學生對未來選擇科系之關聯。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2016。1-50。
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