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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 138 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Strauss, A. L.、Corbin, J. M.(2001)。質性硏究入門:紮根理論硏究方法 (Basics of qualitative research : Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory, 2nd ed)(吳芝儀與廖梅花譯)。嘉義市:濤石文化。(原作1998年出版)
  2. Yin, R. K.(2001)。個案硏究:設計與方法(Case study research design and methods, 2nd ed.)(尚榮安譯)。臺北市:五南。(原作1994年出版)
  3. 方富杉、吳佩玲、吳素華、李國鼎、林佩璇、林鈺婷等(2011)。e讀成癮:電子書綜合研究報告。臺北市:資訊工業策進會。
  4. 朱玉昌(2009)。臺灣圖書出版產業供應鏈特性分析及其未來發展策略探討。未出版之碩士論文,國立交通大學管理學院高階主管管理碩士學程,新竹市。
  5. 艾傑頓(Edgerton, D.)著(2004)。從創新到使用:十道兼容並蓄的技術史史學提綱(From innovation to use: Ten eclectic theses on the historiography of technology)(方俊育、李尚仁譯)。在吳嘉苓、傅大為、雷祥麟編著,科技渴望性別(頁131-170)。臺北市:群學。(原作1999年出版)
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張天心(2016)。從研究評鑑的觀點來看學術專書的問題:以社會學在台灣為例。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2016。1-118。 
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