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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 55 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院農業委員會,2013。農業統計資料查詢。
  2. 林毓雯、劉滄棽、陳吉村、湯雪溶、陳鴻堂、卓家榮、蔡正賢、林永鴻、張繼中、蔡淑珍、黃維廷,2012。臺灣地區蔬菜鉛、鎘濃度調查,台灣農業研究,60(1),38-51
  3. 江季亭、林恕德、蘇哲俊、蔡國陽、連怡斌、黃耀輝、張尊國,2009。土壤重金屬鎳含量與口腔癌發生率之空間相關性探討,農業工程學報,第55卷,第4期,19-34。
  4. 江博煌、謝顯堂、陳筱蕙、詹大千、劉德明、溫啟邦、陳筱蕾、毛義方,2006。利用地理資訊系統評估台南安順污染廠址周圍之土壤污染,台灣公共衛生雜誌,第25卷,第5期,363-371。
  5. 吳家誠、呂進榮,2003。臺灣地區不同土綱土壤中重金屬總量檢測分析,行政院環境保護署環境檢驗所。
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