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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 60 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. Al Salem, S.S. 1996. Environmental Considerations for Wastewater Reuse in Agriculture. Wat. Sci. Tech, Vol.33, No.10-11, pp.345-353.
  2. 2. Angelova, V., R. Ivanova, V. Delibaltova and K. Ivanov. 2004. Bio-accmulation and Distribution of Heavy Mentals in Fibre Crops (flax, cotton and hemp). Industrial Crops and Products, Vol. 19, pp. 197-205.
  3. 4. Brunner, P. H. 2002. Materials Flow Analysis Vision and Reality. Journal of Industrial Ecology. Vol 5, No. 2.
  4. 12. Kuchanwar, O.D., C.K. Kale, V.P. Deshpande, and D.M. Dharmadhikari, 1999. Irrigation Water Quality and Farm Management Decisions. Wat. Sci. Tech, Vol. 40, No. 2, pp. 97-103.
  5. 15. Ma, H.W. 2000. The Incorporation of Stochasticity in Risk Analysis and Management: a Case Study. Stochastic Environment Research and Risk Assessment, Vol. 14. pp195-206.
Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃冠智(2012)。桃園地區自來水重金屬潛在健康風險評估。中原大學土木工程研究所學位論文。2012。1-106。 
  2. 陳明文(2011)。臺灣氫氣生產生命週期評估及物質流分析。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2011。1-134。 
  3. 陳思蓉(2016)。以存匯觀點探討都市危害物質之管理,以台北市鉛物質為例。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2016。1-100。 
  4. 洪慧倫(2007)。台灣戴奧辛物質流分析。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2007。1-118。 
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