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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

    Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 77 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 1. Bain, Joe S. “Relation of Profit Rate to Industry Concentration: American Manufacturing 1936-1940 ” The Quarterly Journal of Economics ,Vol. 65, No. 4 (Nov., 1951), p. 602
    2. 2. Porter, Michael E. “Competitive Strategy”. Free Press, 1985
    3. 5. Green, M.A., “Photovoltaic:technology overview”, Energy Policy 28(2000)989-998
    4. 7. Markus Kupich , Dmitry Grunsky, Prabhat Kumar, Bernd Schro¨ der, “Preparation of microcrystalline silicon nip solar cells and amorphous–microcrystalline nipnip tandem solar cells entirely by hot-wire CVD”, 2005
    5. 10. Robert M. Margolis, “Experience Curves and Photovoltaic Technology Policy”, October 16, 2002
    Times Cited (15) 〈TOP〉
    1. 鄭勝鴻(2011)。台灣與中國大陸太陽能電池產業發展與競合研究。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班學位論文。2011。1-125。 
    2. 曾煥賜(2010)。台灣地區照明市場之節能燈泡產品競爭策略分析研究-以C公司為例。淡江大學國際貿易學系國際企業學碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-85。 
    3. 劉德尚(2013)。太陽能電池產業經營策略之個案研究-以國內某新創太陽能電池公司為例。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-81。 
    4. 林佳葦(2007)。台灣太陽光電產業之技術創新、擴散與外溢。中原大學國際貿易研究所學位論文。2007。1-70。 
    5. 林信宏(2014)。經營策略與績效的關聯及其啟示─台灣LED產業鏈實証。臺灣大學工業工程學研究所學位論文。2014。1-79。 
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