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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 122 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃俊傑 (2006). 臺灣意識與臺灣文化. 台北, 台大出版中心.
  2. 李永展 (2005). "永續鄉村營造之初探." 中華水土保持學報 36(4): 339-354.
  3. 周桂田 (1998). "現代性與風險社會." 台灣社會學刊 21: 89-129.
  4. 蔡必焜 (2001). "鄉村發展的後現代意涵." 農業推廣學報 18: 123-137.
  5. 謝宏昌 (1998). "論重構地方識別作為永續鄉村發展基礎." 農業推廣學報 14: 137-152.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蔡旻翰(2014)。有機農法採用之影響因素與經濟效果-以花蓮縣富里鄉稻農為例。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2014。1-115。 
  2. 呂宜華(2012)。媒體再現鄉村性──以《台客練習曲》為例。臺灣大學生物產業傳播暨發展學研究所學位論文。2012。1-150。 
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