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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 4. 王小麟、何友鋒、詹雅萍,1998。休閒農業整體發展評估模式之建立。戶外遊憩研究,10(3):39-80。
  2. 8. 李銘輝,1991。遊憩需求與遊客行為特性之探討。戶外遊憩研究,4(1):17-33。
  3. 21. 陳昭郎,1996。休閒農業發展方向。大自然季刊,50:5-13。
  4. 40. 賴美蓉、王偉哲,1999。遊客對休閒農業之認知與體驗之研究 –以苗栗飛牛牧場為例。戶外遊憩研究,12(1):19-40。
  5. 42. DeGrazia, Sebastian, 1962. Of Time, Work and Leisure. New York: Twentieth Century Fund.
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉崢彥(2011)。台灣雞蛋產業產銷垂直協調關係之研究。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2011。1-136。 
  2. 陳妍伃(2004)。生薑蛋白酶活性之影響因子及其應用於牛乳凝膠製品之試製。臺灣大學畜產學研究所學位論文。2004。1-124。 
  3. 許雅琪(2007)。提昇休閒農場經營績效關鍵成功因素之研究。長榮大學經營管理研究所(博)學位論文。2007。1-154。
  4. 簡明通(2008)。休閒農場經營者核心能力之研究。屏東科技大學農企業管理系所學位論文。2008。1-125。
  5. 蔡裕吉(2011)。蘭嶼遊客環境態度、遊憩體驗與重遊意願關係之研究。臺灣師範大學公民教育與活動領導學系學位論文。2011。1-161。
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