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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 124 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華人民共和國國務院新聞辦公室,2005,〈中國民主政治建設〉,新華網,。
  2. 史密特(Carl Schmitt)著,姚朝森譯,2005,《政治性的概念》,台北市:聯經。譯自Carl Schmitt. Der Begriff des Politischen.
  3. 甘迺迪(Paul Kennedy)著,張春柏、陸乃聖譯,2010,《霸權興衰史:1500至2000年的經濟變遷與軍事衝突》,台北市:五南。譯自Paul Kennedy. The Rise and Fall of the Great Powers: Economic Change and Military Conflict from 1500 to 2000. Random House Inc.
  4. 牟宗三,1974,《政道與治道》,台北市:廣文。
  5. 札卡瑞亞(Fareed Zakaria)著,孟玄譯,2005,《自由的未來》,台北市:聯經。譯自Fareed Zakaria. The Future of Freedom:Illiberal Democracy at Home and Abroad. W W Norton & Co Inc.
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳世豪(2015)。胡錦濤與江澤民的權力分配與權力互動(2003.11-2004.9)。淡江大學中國大陸研究所碩士班學位論文。2015。1-89。 
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