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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 155 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Brook, Timothy. The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1998.繁體譯本請參見方駿、王秀麗、羅天佑等譯,《縱樂的困惑:明代的商業與文化》(台北,聯經出版公司,2004)。
    2. Clunas, Craig. Superfluous Things: Material Culture and Social Status in Early Modern China. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2004.
    3. Greenbaum, Jamie. Chen Jiru (1558-1639): The Background to Development and Subsequent Uses of Literary Personae. Leiden;Boston:Brill, 2007.
    4. Kai-wing, Chow. Publishing, Culture, and Power in Early Modern China. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2004.
    5. 王鴻泰,〈迷路的詩─明代士人的習詩情緣與人生選擇〉,《中央研究院近代史研究所集刊》,50(2005),頁1∼54。
    Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張嘉鳳(Chia-Feng Chang)(2013)。愛身念重-《折肱漫錄》(1635)中文人之疾與養。臺大歷史學報。(51)。1-80。 
    2. 鄭伊庭(2010)。明代考據學家之博學風氣研究。臺灣師範大學國文學系學位論文。2010。1-182。
    Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
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