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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 140 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李惠宗(2009),論違憲而定期失效法律的效力--兼評釋字第619號解釋及最高行政法院97年度判字第615號判決號判決,法令月刊,60卷10期,頁4-16。
  2. Gérard Marcou著、李鎨澂譯(2013),法國「違憲先決問題」之制度與實務,憲政時代,38卷4期,頁515-541。
  3. 翁岳生(2014),司法院大法官釋憲制度新發展,憲政時代,第39卷第4期,頁1-23。
  4. 陳清秀(2010),違憲法規之解釋效力問題--兼論違憲法規限期失效,於過渡期間之效力問題,法令月刊,61卷12期,頁75-99。
  5. 楊子慧(2014),憲法法院法規違憲審查之裁判類型與效力——以德國法為中心,並談我國之改革,國立中正大學法學集刊,43期,頁191-291。
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