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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王松永 (1993) 木材之燃燒熱值與其影響因數探討。林產工業12(2):35-45。
    2. 行政院環境保護署環境檢驗所 (2003) NIEA R205.01C 廢棄物中灰分、可燃分測定方法。
    3. 吳志鴻 (2003) 相思樹心材具抗氧化及抗發炎成分之分析與鑑定。國立台灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所博士論文。47-61頁。
    4. 林岳賢 (2008) 土肉桂葉部之生理活性成分分析研究。國立中興大學化學系碩士論文。6-30頁。
    5. 倪禮豐 (2003) 水稻廢棄資材之利用。花蓮區農業專訊43(3):21-24。
    Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳冠州(2016)。褐鐵型紅土鎳礦提煉鎳生鐵之鎳富集研究。成功大學材料科學及工程學系學位論文。2016。1-185。
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