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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 83 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Bauer, R. A. (1960). Consumer Behavior as Risk-taking. Chicago: America Marketing Association.
  2. 2.Brian, W., & Randall, W. (2005). Hierarchy of nutritional knowledge that relates to the consumption of a functional food. Nutrition, 21(2), 264-268.
  3. 4.Chang, C., & Chang, C. H. (1996). Menopause and hormone using experiences of Chinese women in Taiwan. Health care for Women International, 17(4), 307-318.
  4. 5.Cook, M. J. (1993). Perimenopause: An opportunity for health promotion. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing, 22(3), 223-228.
  5. 7.Denzin. (1978). The Research Act, A Theoretical Introduction to Sociological Methods: McGraw Hill
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王佳蕙(2011)。停經婦女醫療服務利用研究。長榮大學醫務管理學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-94。 
  2. 張彥寧(2008)。性別角色觀點與社會關係對更年期婦女健康的影響。臺北醫學大學公共衛生學系暨研究所學位論文。2008。1-78。 
  3. 黃于庭(2006)。更年期婦女自我與情緒調節:四位不同境遇婦女的生命故事。臺灣師範大學社會教育學系學位論文。2006。1-115。
  4. 陳志泰(2007)。更年期婦女對於緩解症狀之決策行為研究。政治大學管理碩士學程(AMBA)學位論文。2007。1-111。
  5. 許雯珊(2008)。訊息信任度、風險知覺與風險降低偏好度之關聯分析-以台灣禽流感為例。臺北大學金融與合作經營學系學位論文。2008。1-78。
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