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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李賢哲、吳信輝和樊琳(2008)。以奈米科技教學初探學生建模能力之發展。科學教育月刊,309,2-4。
  2. 林柏青(2008)。如何製作高中物理概念圖。科學教育月刊,313,21-26。
  3. 林建隆、石豫臺、吳仲卿、洪連輝、溫育德、張鈞權等(2010)。高中奈米科技課程之概念與命題陳述的建構。物理教育學刊,11(2),31-42。
  4. 林琬縈、周建和及蘇明俊(2010)。以5E學習環教學模式為基礎探討高職進修學校物理教學策略之行動研究─以摩擦力單元為例。物理教育學刊,9(1),1-16。
  5. 周建和(2007)。街頭物理:動手做讓物理動起來。物理雙月刊,29(4),845-855。
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