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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 117 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石之瑜:社會科學方法新論。台北:五南,2003。
  2. 行政院衛生署:衛生統計。
  3. 吳嘉苓:臺灣的新生殖科技與性別政治,1950-2000。臺灣社會研究,2002.0
  4. 李秋香: 尿失禁婦女骨盆底肌肉運動介入之成效及其相關因素探討。中山醫學大學醫學研究所碩士論文,2003。
  5. 李麗熒:不孕婦女感受到的壓力源及因應行為。高雄醫學大學護理研究所碩士論文,1994。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 劉鴻德(2007)。在醫療行政與醫學專業之間──邱仕榮及其同時代臺大醫院與臺灣醫學。政治大學史學研究所學位論文。2007。1-280。
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