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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 203 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 陳裕涵. "網路空間中之隱私權保障─ 以社群網站為中心." 臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文 (2013): 1-178.
    2. 彭賢恩, 劉怡靖, and 彭曉珍. "刑法應用於網路誹謗案例之分析." 資訊社會研究 11 (2006): 245-273.
    3. 黃炎東. "言論自由權利範圍之探討." 華人前瞻研究 8.2 (2012): 73-83.
    4. 劉靜怡. "社群網路時代的隱私困境: 以 Facebook 爲討論對象." 臺大法學論叢 41.1 (2012): 1-70.
    5. 楊勝雄. "論網際網路上色情資訊之管制措施對言論自由之限制---以電腦網路內容分級處理辦法為中心." 成功大學法律學系學位論文 (2005): 1-180.
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