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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 3、呂亞力,1983,《政治學方法論》,三民書局。
    2. 5、黃文儀,2000,《專利實務第一冊》,三民書局。
    3. 6、黃文儀,2000,《專利實務第二冊》,三民書局。
    4. 16、鄧穎懋,1999,《智慧財產權管理》,迪生文教。
    5. 24、資訊工業策進會,科技法律中心,2000,《科技管理VS.法律策略》,財團法人資訊工業策進會,科技法律中心STLC。
    Times Cited (4) 〈TOP〉
    1. 孫賢霖(2008)。應用鷹架教學策略於網頁設計技能檢定數位學習課程之研究。臺東大學進修部教學科技碩在職進修專(暑)學位論文。2008。1-143。 
    2. 陳秭璇(2010)。智慧財產權之擔保與授信。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-178。 
    3. 呂忠晏(2006)。網路數位出版商業模式對智慧財產權管理之影響。政治大學科技管理研究所學位論文。2006。1-151。
    4. 吳友中(2009)。中山科學研究院專利維護機制之研究。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2009。1-70。
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