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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 50 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁志音,2003。誰使用了非西醫的補充與另類療法?社會人口特質的無區隔性與健康需求的作用。台灣衛誌,22:155-166。
  2. 王昭正、朱瑞淵譯,1999。參與觀察法,台北:弘智文化。譯自Jorgensen, D. L., Participant Observation: A Methodology for Human Studies. London:Sage Pubns ,1989.
  3. 林宜信、林步芳、羅淑慧、褚文杰、陳崇哲、謝伯舟、王德銘,2008。「台灣中醫藥發展現況」,台灣中醫藥研發成果暨施政績效彙編(CCMP 2006-2008),台北:行政院衛生署中醫藥委員會,8-17。
  4. 林聖峪、蔡孟佳,2007。製藥業產品標準與我國藥品貿易發展之研究—以實施PIC/S GMP為例,台北:國立政治大學國際經營與貿易研究所。
  5. 張世澤、陳耀光,2002。生物科技標準廠房開發需求之研究,台南:國立成功大學建築學系碩士論文。
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