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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 79 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 任憶安,「臺灣私有林造林獎勵方式有效嗎?」,林業研究專訊,7(5):3-4,2000。
  2. 任憶安、林俊成,「臺灣私有林造林獎勵方式效果的評估-林農反應調查報告」,臺灣林業科學,12(4):393-402,1997。
  3. 任憶安、塗三賢、吳萬益,「臺灣私有林農對現行修訂之造林獎勵反應的初步調查」,臺灣林業科學,13(2):139-146,1998。
  4. 李久先、許秉翔,「戰後臺灣森林經營與遊憩之發展史」,林業研究季刊,32(1):87-96,2010。
  5. 李志展、吳昀軒、黃玉如、陳炳勝、劉建良、顏瑞泓,「森林環境中種植茶樹時農藥施用後擴散情形研究」,臺大實驗林研究報告,25(4):263-272,2011。
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