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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 石玉森,(2002),「台北縣泰山鄉民大學經營及其發展之研究」,國立台灣師範大學社會教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 吳信宏,(2003),「生活品質與教育品質之思考」,中華民國品質學會,品質月刊,39-2,76-78。
  3. 吳秋燕,(2003),「老年人身體活動、心肺適能與生活品質之相關研究」,國立台灣師範大學體育學系碩士論文。
  4. 李永展與吳孟芳,(2005),「台北市主觀生活品質之衡量」,都市與計畫,32:4,387-420。
  5. 李素馨,(1997),「都市女性休閒類型和休閒阻礙」,戶外遊憩研究,10:1,43-68。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李和家(2014)。中高齡者參與樂齡學習對其生活品質提升之研究-以新竹縣市為例。中正大學教學專業發展數位學習碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-195。
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