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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 126 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 胡逢瑛、吳非(2005),透視蘇俄傳媒轉型變局,臺北:秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
  2. 胡逢瑛、吳非(2006),蘇俄新聞傳播史論,台北:秀威資訊科技股份有限公司。
  3. 蔡相廷(2000),「歷史制度主義的興起與研究取向-政治學研究途徑的探討」,《台北市立教育大學學報》,第41卷第二期,頁39-76。
  4. 蘇子喬、王業立(2003),「為何廢棄混合制選舉制度? 義大利、俄羅斯與泰國選制改革之研究」,《東吳政治學報》第28卷第3期,頁1-81。
  5. 趙竹成(2001),「俄羅斯聯邦制度的改造」,《俄羅斯學報》,第1期,頁171-205。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄭依婷(2014)。俄羅斯聯邦族群政治與政治穩定之探討(1992-2008年)。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2014。1-305。 
  2. 陳安俐(2013)。冷戰後俄羅斯對東協國家政策。淡江大學歐洲研究所碩士班學位論文。2013。1-78。 
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