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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 209 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 18.久保敬治、浜田富士郎 『労働法』 ミネルヴァ書房 1993年5月
  2. 28.菅野和夫 『労働法第5版』 弘文堂 2000年4月
  3. 參考文獻
  4. 書籍:
  5. 1.許慶雄 『憲法入門』 元照出版社 2000年9月
Times Cited (5) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳美虹(2014)。消除對婦女一切形式歧視公約禁止雇用歧視條款之研究-對日本國內法與判例的影響。淡江大學亞洲研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2014。1-161。 
  2. 游千賢(2007)。我國勞動基準法第十二條第一項第四款之研究。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2007。1-133。 
  3. 莊政達(2007)。爭議行為於刑事上免責之研究 —以日本勞動組合法第一條第二項為中心—。臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2007。1-190。 
  4. 吳美然(2011)。爭議行為民事與刑事免責之研究。政治大學勞工研究所學位論文。2011。1-116。
  5. 李美麗(2014)。勞動刑罰必要性之研究。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2014。1-180。
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